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Neco 2016 Human and Regional Geography question and Answers – june/July Expo


Neco 2016 Human and Regional Geography question and Answers – june/July Expo

Friday 17th June.
Paper II: Essay – Human and Regional Geography 10:00am – 12:00noon
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1a
-Climate
-Soil
-Water Bodies
-Mineral Resources
Climate:
Climate is as important as terrain in influencing population. Of all the climatic factors, twin elements of rainfall and temperature play the most important role in determining the population of an area. Man cannot go beyond the limits set by climate.
Extremes of climate discourage the concentration of population. Such climates include the too cold climate of Himalayas, and the too hot and dry climate of the Thar Desert. A moderate climate, on the other hand, is favourable for population.
Soil:
Soil is an important factor in determining the density of population in an overwhelmingly agricultural country like India. Fertile soil supports higher population density while infertile soil leads to low density. In the northern plain of India, the soil is regularly enriched by annual floods of the great rivers like the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra and their tributaries.
Therefore, this is an area of high population density. The coastal plains also have fertile soils and are areas of high population density. 
Water Bodies:
Availability of water plays a significant role in determining the population of a given area. Water is the basic necessity for several purposes including irrigation, industries, transport and domestic affairs. Rivers are the greatest source of fresh potable water. Therefore, most of the population is concentrated in the river valleys.
Mineral Resources:
Minerals act as great source of attraction for people from different areas, which results in higher density of population. The higher population densities in the Chhota Nagpur Plateau of Jharkhand and in the adjoining areas of Orissa are largely due to the availability of minerals.
1b It help in knowing the aren’t of people in particular country
ii) It help to know if the population of a country growing rapidly
1ci) It leads to decrease of workers in the affected area.
ii Cost of living in the affected area increase.
iii) In such area Elderly population remains, so there’s higher death rate.
3a)
*Apparel industry
*Chemical and allied industry
*Electronic and Electrical Equipment Industry
* Fabricated metal industry
*EXPLANATION*
I) Apparel Industry : All establishments producing clothing and fabricating products by cutting and sewing purchased woven or knit textile fabrics and related materials, such as leather, rubberized fabrics, plastics, and furs. This does not include knitting mills (see Textile Mill Products) or custom tailors and dressmakers (see Retail Trade: Apparel and Accessory Stores). (Definition Source: Standard Industrial Classification)
ii) Chemical and Allied Industry: All establishments producing basic chemicals, and establishments manufacturing products by predominantly chemical processes. This does not include the mining of natural chemicals and fertilizers (see Mining and Quarrying of Nonmetallic Minerals), nor does it include establishments primarily engaged in packaging, repackaging and bottling purchased chemical products (see Wholesale or Retail Trade). (Definition Source: Standard Industrial Classification)
iii) Electronic and Electrical Equipment Industry: All establishments engaged in manufacturing machinery, apparatus, and supplies for the generation, storage, transmission, transformation, and utilization of electrical energy. This does not include industrial machinery and equipment powered by built-in or detachable electric motors (see Industrial and Commercial Machinery and Computer Equipment). (Definition Source: Standard Industrial Classification)
iv) Fabricated Metal Industry: All establishments engaged in fabricating ferrous and nonferrous metal products, such as metal cans, tinware, handtools, cutlery, general hardware, nonelectric heating apparatus, fabricated structural metal products, metal forgings, metal stampings, and a variety of metal and wire products not elsewhere classified. (Definition Source: Standard Industrial Classification)
3bi)
i) LACK OF CREDIT/ACCESS TO CREDIT: This
remains the major hindrance to industrialization in
Africa
ii) OVER DEPENDENCE ON FOREIGN MACHINES :
Most of the technology and machines used by
local manufacturers in Nigeria are imported from
other countries.
iii) INADEQUATE RAW MATERIAL: Due to the poor
state of our agricultural sector. The amount of raw
materials produced by the sector for the
manufacturing sector is not enough to support
massive industrial production.
iv) LACK OF BASIC INFRASTRUCTURES: This has
always being the major obstacle to development.
3bii)
Government should make provision of raw materials and they should get more technologies and machine for the manufacturing industry…
4b)
i) Lack of education 
-some of the citizens don’t have enough education that would tell them the right number and spacing of their children. they are not knowledgeable about the consequences they could possibly face by having a lot of children. they also think that if they have a lot of children, a lot will help them when they grow old. 
ii) Unemployment 
-poor families spend more time together. Usually(based from an interview I’ve done), they get bored and they have nothing to do so they get into sexual intercourse to kill all the time they have for each other. they consider procreation as past time.
iii) Migration :
Migration is another important point which is responsible for the higher growth rate of population. Is is seen that large number of people migrate from foreign counties to India and permanently stay here. Although this factor is not very crucial yet has increased the population of our country. These are the most important factors responsible for the population explosion in our county.
iv) High Birth Rate (Fertility) :
Birth rate refers to the number of children taking birth per thousand people. In 1991the birth rate was 29.9 per thousand. In 2000 the birth rate was 25.8 per thousand which is very compound to other counties of the world. Birth rate is high due to the following reasons.
v) Poverty :
Poverty is another factor which is mostly responsible for the rapid growth of population. India houses are the museum of poverty. According to 2001 census, nearly 37 per cent of people live below the poverty line. Small children in poor families are put to work and this helps to increase the family income. Children in poor families are considered as assets.
4c) 
i) Government should stop early marriage in the country
ii) Ensuring that people have easy and cheap access to contraception tools will help avoiding causes of unwanted pregnancies and birth
iii) People need to be told and made to understand the consequences of having too many children
6a)
i)benin
ii)burkina faso
iii)cape verde
iv)gambia
v)ghana
6b)
i)literacy
ii)war
iii)health care delivery
iv)gender inequality
v)poverty
6c)
i)teaching of French or English languages  as appropriate in all formal/non-formal regions
ii)Support and participation of traditional rulers and/or religious to strengthen the potentials of processing conflict solution
iii)developing potentials in traditional medicine/establishment of general hospital in some non-formal areas
iv)promotion of successfull network of nature in gender-related environ
v)provide Many  job opportunities
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Posted by on June 17, 2016.

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